Our Industry Needs PharmD Candidates from REAL Pharmacy SCHOOLS

Jp Enlarged
Touro University College of Pharmacy is located at Mare Island, Vallejo, California.  Until a couple decades ago, it was Mare Island Naval Shipyard.  This is a picture of the College of Pharmacy’s Academic Center.  A use for surplus Naval barracks.  I called the Dean a few years ago.  It was clear that this is a for-profit school.  She could not answer my rather pedestrian questions.  I was unimpressed.  JP Touro is Not all alone. There are plenty of new for-profit schools.
I wrote this letter to the editors at Drug Topics last night.  the answer is below.
 
Touro tuition with costs.  Around $77,000 per year the last time I looked.  A Bachelor’s degree is required for entry.  Get this:
Only two academic years of in class instruction at their Mare Island campus in Vallejo, California.  Formerly a Navy shipyard.
I’d like to know if they even have laboratories. Compounding? Don’t hurt yourself laughing
The next two years are all rotations.  Touro still collects the tuition.  Ka-Ching.  Take a look at their site.
PharmD 2017 PharmD 2016 PharmD 2015 PharmD 2014
Tuition $38,300.00 $38,300.00 $38,300.00 $38,300.00
Books* $3,650.00 $1,770.00 $966.00 -
Room and Board** $26,360.00 $26,360.00 $26,360.00 $21,566.00
Transportation** $2,358.00 $3,258.00 $3,980.00 $3,980.00
Personal** $6,162.00 $6,162.00 $7,534.00 $7,534.00
Professional Development Conference $618.00 $618.00 $618.00 $618.00
TOTAL $77,448.00 $76,468.00 $77,758.00 $71,998.00

This is about as far as you can get from a traditional College of Pharmacy, associated with a university.  I tend to label Touro and a whole bunch of others that have cropped up in the last few years as “NAPLEX preparation courses”.  They certainly do not teach these kids to be traditional pharmacists.  No compounding, for example. Pharmacognosy is not even an elective.

They are in business to fill the need when the demand was huge.  When kids found out they could get $20 grand sign-on bonuses and pull down a 6 figure income right away.  If you did not have a felony on your shoulder, RAD would hire you.  If you could not speak English, practically, CVS would sponsor you for a Visa.

Then, All of a sudden, no more sign-ons.  There are plenty of warm-bodies with licenses who will tke the $40 per hour, 30 hours a week jobs.   I hear from pharmacists that the six figures have suddenly disappeared for new pharmacists.  Some companies (Can you say Big Stupid?) are finding anything to get rid of veterans so they can hire the kids for less $$$.There are two kinds of new pharmacists.  Kids who went to Ohio State, Toledo, Ohio Northern and Cincinnati ( I am an Ohio boy)
come out with a complete education.  Suddenly, there are seven schools in Ohio.  You have kids with a history in the drug store business since high school.  They prepared for Ohio State (considered the best) when they were in the 10th grade.  They worked as teenagers in drug stores.  They are drug industry people before they get to school.
Then, there are the Touro graduates and I am using Touro generically now.   They do not know much about the industry.  They can run the prescription mill, but ask them to compound? Compounding is still the quintessential pharmacist talent.  No other medical professional can do it legally or competently.  OTC counseling is a talent that at Touro is “OTC What?”    The Touro kid who wrote the menthol article actually believes that this is a hot button issue.
How long will Touro last at a tuition+ of $77k per when the demand goes down.  Actually, it has gone down.  I worked in Galveston with a grad from a new school .  She readily admitted that her school was a desperation choice when she could not get accepted anywhere else in Texas.  Smart girl too. When I offered to teach her a bit of compounding, she was like a sponge.  She had no clue that on a Friday night, she was the go-to person for Triage for poor people.   She was not aware that she was not to take the word of a nurse when an issue needed the doctor’s attention.
I am afraid, you guys. Very afraid. 
29 Comments

29 Comments

  1. anonymous  •  Sep 25, 2013 @3:59 pm

    I don’t feel sorry for students entering pharmacy school now. They are either delusional or very very optimistic. I am looking into a BSN Express program to get a nursing degree. A nurse can do so much and in the long run, can earn more money than a pharmacist. It is time to stop handing over you or your parents hard earned money to these schools (widely known and respected or the new ones that are less than stellar) and dream that you will earn the six figure salary of yesteryear. BigStupid is getting rid of older pharmacists, so is BigEvil. I am not chicken little but the time has passed to be optimistic about careers. You lose your job, count on being out of work for nearly a year with no pay. How many of us can survive that?

  2. broncofan7  •  Sep 26, 2013 @8:48 am

    Anonymous is looking into a ‘BSN Express” program….because a nurse can do so much more in the long run (true in a sense) and earn more money than a Pharmacist (ABSOUTELY FALSE)”……..You know who I feel sorry for? People posting under anonymous who write about getting a BSN after having attained at least a BS in Pharmacy and who obviously have not actually done even a simple Google search on average wage of BSN degree holders: I’ll make it easy for you:

    http://www.drexel.com/online-degrees/nursing-degrees/nursing-salaries-2007/index.aspx

    Summary: AVG starting wage: $50K AVG wage after 20 years of service : $77K

    You go have at it.

  3. broncofan7  •  Sep 26, 2013 @9:01 am

    Go to medical school instead: here is a flexible program for working professionals that many Pharmacist may not know of: http://www.oceaniamed.org/graduateMD/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=23&Itemid=38

  4. broncofan7  •  Sep 26, 2013 @9:10 am
  5. broncofan7  •  Sep 26, 2013 @9:18 am

    In summary, Pharmacists as employees have it pretty good salary wise. The average gross margin per RX is $12.50.

    http://www.drugchannels.net/2012/12/surprise-cms-computes-and-publishes.html

    Say you fill 200 Rx’s in a shift= $2500 gross profit for your employer

    Your employer pays you $60/hr for your 8 hour shift= $480.
    That’s $2020 left over to pay other employees, electricity, taxes etc.

    I’d like everyone reading this blog to empower themselves and become an owner of their own pharmacy; you can make exactly what you’re making now (and a little extra)and be beholden only to your patients instead of your patients AND SOME CORPORATE bean counter by filling 90-100 rx’s per day. The NCPA ownership workshop is a GREAT place to begin. Let ‘anonymous’ go get their BSN degree; you make the right choice and empower yourself.

  6. broncofan7  •  Sep 26, 2013 @9:18 am

    In summary, Pharmacists as employees have it pretty good salary wise. The average gross margin per RX is $12.50.

    http://www.drugchannels.net/2012/12/surprise-cms-computes-and-publishes.html

    Say you fill 200 Rx’s in a shift= $2500 gross profit for your employer

    Your employer pays you $60/hr for your 8 hour shift= $480.
    That’s $2020 left over to pay other employees, electricity, taxes etc.

    I’d like everyone reading this blog to empower themselves and become an owner of their own pharmacy; you can make exactly what you’re making now (and a little extra)and be beholden only to your patients instead of your patients AND SOME CORPORATE bean counter by filling 90-100 rx’s per day. The NCPA ownership workshop is a GREAT place to begin. Let ‘anonymous’ go get their BSN degree; you make the right choice and empower yourself instead.

  7. pharmacyslave2000  •  Sep 26, 2013 @11:03 am

    Broncofan7, I applaud your business acumen and your courage to own your own business. I don’t doubt that you have yourself a fine establishment. However, I do feel that you can, at times, over-simplify business ownership and it’s definitely not for everyone. The current state of our country does not make for a friendly small-business environment. Sure there are small pockets of the country where an independent could still operate and, possibly flourish, but those areas are rapidly shrinking due to consolidation of the “mom-and-pop’s” into the corporate chains. The ACA is right around the corner and I am very pessimistic about it’s affect on retail pharmacy. As with anything in life, the best thing one can do is to educate one’s self , explore all avenues and then make an educated decision on what’s best for you. That being said, I would have to dissuade anyone and everyone from attending a school like Touro. You will NEVER be able to recoup your investment. If that is your only alternative, please look into other career opportunities in the healthcare field as you are selling your soul at that price.

  8. anonymous  •  Sep 26, 2013 @3:49 pm

    Broncofan7, you make it hard to want to keep posting here so here is my final post ever. I am anonymous for a reason. I lost my job several months ago. I was very good at it and earned a great wage. Now I cannot even get an interview. Why the BSN? Why not. I am not young and I know I don’t want to be a doctor, too many years, too much money. Nurses make more than 55K a year, I don’t know about you but they get overtime so your pay increases. After a few years, you can be a caseworker and make six figures easy. I’ve done the research. Since no one out there seems willing to help me out or give me a job this is what I have to do. I have networked my behind off and nothing. You believe that you know everything. You can pat yourself on the back and toot your horn all you like for owning a business. You are one of the fortunate few. Like pharmacyslave said, ownership is not for everyone. Good luck to whistleblower, I haven’t heard from you in a while and thank you and your family for your help. There are people who need help out there and it doesn’t help for you or others on this site to bash them. Pharmaciststeve is right also, only a select few post on here and it’s the same old song and dance. To the others, if you have new insights and realistic ones, join in.

  9. Broncofan7  •  Sep 26, 2013 @6:24 pm

    Anonymous, you’d be better off pursuing a career as a plumber. If you’re a Pharmacist with a CLEAN record and you can’t find work, you simply are too much of a sissy to relocate. Further , a BSN is a step BACK from Pharmacy not a step forward. I will say this, many of the pharmacists that I encounter who graduated in the 1970s and 80s don’t have the business acumen of Mr Plagakis and its no wonder why they sold out to corporate chains during the explosion of buyouts in the 80s and 90s. He’ll I’m looking at a pharmacy now where the owner graduated in the 1970s and he does ONE P &L all year. ( and he’s getting ripped off by his wholesaler). I guess I’m proving via example pharmacyslaves point; ownership isn’t for everyone. Go get that BSN anonymous…

  10. Peon  •  Sep 26, 2013 @9:16 pm

    Broncofan7, I concur with you about pharmacists that graduated in the 70′s and 80′s not having any business acumen. For 20 years, I worked relief for independent pharmacists. There were some that were good with their business and there were a lot that just had no business sense. This is one reason the chains grew so big. The chains did not get big by selling drugs cheaper than independents. They got big because they had business sense. Where the independents were continuing the old practice of having charge accounts, the chains went to cash. Where the pharmacy schools failed pharmacists back in those days was in not requiring all pharmacy students to take business classes. Those pharmacists that were coming out pharmacy school had the mentality that ‘my dad made a good living with his pharmacy, and I can do the same’. But, along came some stiff competition(the chains) and this changed the whole equation. Just being a good pharmacist and owning your store was not enough. You had to be smart when it came to business.

  11. Pharmaciststeve  •  Sep 26, 2013 @9:44 pm

    My biggest problem when I had my store (1976-1996) was competing with the image of the chains.. I was the largest HME dealer in two counties.. we would often get pts coming in .. with “my doctor told me to come to you..to get the product I need..” but I went to Taylors.. they didn’t have it and they told me to come to you.. but I went to Superx ..but they didn’t have it…and they told me to come to you…but I went to Walgreens..and they didn’t have it.. and they told me to come to you.. so I finally decided to come to you.. and by god.. you do have it.. Keep in mind my store was in a city ~ 35 K and my store was at a major intersection at the geographical center of the city and a 2 mile radius would cover the whole city +. They would try every chain in town before they would take their doc’s suggestion..

  12. broncofan7  •  Sep 26, 2013 @9:49 pm

    Steve,
    Facebook, twitter, doctor detailing and creating a niche (giving 25 cents on each Rx to the city’s family services charity for example) and free delivery will drive traffic and create loyal customers. There are so many chains now that they are the norm; as an Indy we are unique and can capitalize on creating a positive experience for them.

  13. CaliPharmia  •  Sep 27, 2013 @1:35 pm

    Hey JP, been a while. The trend is disgusting. I heard my old dean moved on to a new school opening in Fresno, CA. More of the same. PharmD, for-profit assembly line. And no jobs to be found. Unless you’re going to replace a burnt-out 2nd year-out-of-graduation kid who’s fed up with the crap.

  14. bcmigal  •  Sep 27, 2013 @3:37 pm

    Another pharmacy school opening in CA is West Coast Univ in N. Hollywood. Seems like there will soon be one in every county. I spoke with a biochem prof who teaches “pre-pharm” students. She said they all expect to become “clinical” pharmacists”. Good luck with that.
    Bronco.. there are very few folks who have the freedom to relocate. BTW, nursing is hard work, just ask any nurse. Not everyone is cut out for it. I see it as more of a “vocation”. Hats off to all the men and women who choose it.

  15. Barto  •  Sep 27, 2013 @6:50 pm

    Interestingly enough Touro University is a non-profit University that has multiple campuses throughout the US and a campus in Israel. Touro was founded in 1971 so they have been around a while and it is really unfair to lump them in with the ne’er-do-well for profit upstarts that are jeopardizing the future or our profession for their bottom-line! Clearly, Touro California has a very non-traditional curriculum along with a very depressing campus but that is another story. I, like Jim am a graduate of a College of Pharmacy that boast a 115+ year tradition of educating pharmacist. I always appreciated the reverence of the faculty and the students for the institution and the profession…there is a history and a culture.
    There are 5 new colleges of pharmacy that are slated to open over the next 2 years in California, California Health Sciences University (for profit), Keck School of Pharmacy (nonprofit), Chapman University (NP), Samuel Merritt University (NP), and West Coast University (FP?). The talk is that California North State University the current for profit pharmacy school in California is now going to rapidly increase their class sizes now that they have received ACPE blessings. The profession is doomed! As we struggle to move forward the wave of poorly trained pharmacist that will be willing to do most any job for any amount of money is going to wash over all of us and take us down the drain. And what will happen to the for-profit schools when the pool of qualified candidates declines? Oh! Got a 2.0 GPA, GPA, and most importantly a bank account with some money in it…. Well then you are ACCEPTED!
    It is clear that ACPE, APHA, ASHP and the BOP are not going to help us in this situation but are one saving grace may be Congressman Mark Takano who wants to stop federal student loans for for-profit colleges/universities. If the for profits can’t get the students, “THEIR MONEY”, because they can’t get cheap loans they will dry up. Get active call the congressman it is the only way to stop for profits. Lucky for me I am of that I have just begun to execute my Last-5 and out plan and hopefully will be walking bare-foot on a beach soon before the whole thing explodes!

  16. Barto  •  Sep 27, 2013 @6:51 pm

    Interestingly enough Touro University is a non-profit University that has multiple campuses throughout the US and a campus in Israel. Touro was founded in 1971 so they have been around a while and it is really unfair to lump them in with the ne’er-do-well for profit upstarts that are jeopardizing the future or our profession for their bottom-line! Clearly, Touro California has a very non-traditional curriculum along with a very depressing campus but that is another story. I, like Jim am a graduate of a College of Pharmacy that boast a 115+ year tradition of educating pharmacist. I always appreciated the reverence of the faculty and the students for the institution and the profession…there is a history and a culture.
    There are 5 new colleges of pharmacy that are slated to open over the next 2 years in California, California Health Sciences University (for profit), Keck School of Pharmacy (nonprofit), Chapman University (NP), Samuel Merritt University (NP), and West Coast University (FP?). The talk is that California North State University the current for profit pharmacy school in California is now going to rapidly increase their class sizes now that they have received ACPE blessings. The profession is doomed! As we struggle to move forward the wave of poorly trained pharmacist that will be willing to do most any job for any amount of money is going to wash over all of us and take us down the drain. And what will happen to the for-profit schools when the pool of qualified candidates declines? Oh! Got a 2.0 GPA, GPA, and most importantly a bank account with some money in it…. Well then you are ACCEPTED!
    It is clear that ACPE, APHA, ASHP and the BOP are not going to help us in this situation but are one saving grace may be Congressman Mark Takano who wants to stop federal student loans for for-profit colleges/universities. If the for profits can’t get the students, “THEIR MONEY”, because they can’t get cheap loans they will dry up. Get active call the congressman it is the only way to stop for profits. Lucky for me I am of that age that I have just begun to execute my Last-5 and out plan and hopefully will be walking bare-foot on a beach soon before the whole thing explodes!

  17. Barto  •  Sep 27, 2013 @6:52 pm

    Interestingly enough Touro University is a non-profit University that has multiple campuses throughout the US and a campus in Israel. Touro was founded in 1971 so they have been around a while and it is really unfair to lump them in with the ne’er-do-well for profit upstarts that are jeopardizing the future or our profession for their bottom-line! Clearly, Touro California has a very non-traditional curriculum along with a very depressing campus but that is another story. I, like Jim, am a graduate of a College of Pharmacy that boast a 115+ year tradition of educating pharmacist. I always appreciated the reverence of the faculty and the students for the institution and the profession…there is a history and a culture.
    There are 5 new colleges of pharmacy that are slated to open over the next 2 years in California, California Health Sciences University (for profit), Keck School of Pharmacy (nonprofit), Chapman University (NP), Samuel Merritt University (NP), and West Coast University (FP?). The talk is that California North State University the current for profit pharmacy school in California is now going to rapidly increase their class sizes now that they have received ACPE blessings. The profession is doomed! As we struggle to move forward the wave of poorly trained pharmacist that will be willing to do most any job for any amount of money is going to wash over all of us and take us down the drain. And what will happen to the for-profit schools when the pool of qualified candidates declines? Oh! Got a 2.0 GPA, GPA, and most importantly a bank account with some money in it…. Well then you are ACCEPTED!
    It is clear that ACPE, APHA, ASHP and the BOP are not going to help us in this situation but are one saving grace may be Congressman Mark Takano who wants to stop federal student loans for for-profit colleges/universities. If the for profits can’t get the students, “THEIR MONEY”, because they can’t get cheap loans they will dry up. Get active call the congressman it is the only way to stop for profits. Lucky for me I am of that age that I have just begun to execute my Last-5 and out plan and hopefully will be walking bare-foot on a beach soon before the whole thing explodes!

  18. Broncofan7  •  Sep 27, 2013 @9:26 pm

    Bcmigal…. Who says nursing is not hard work? It’s still not on professional par with a degree in pharmacy and certainly not rewarded economically like a degree in pharmacy. Regarding your comment that very few people ” have the freedom to relocate”……. Freedom to relocate????Being unemployed means: You don’t have a JOB! I can’t think of a more pressing and freeing situation than being unemployed. Again, if you’re a pharmacist with a CLEAN record and you’re unemployed you just aren’t truly looking to be employed and you’d get ZERO pity from me.

  19. bcmigal  •  Sep 27, 2013 @9:50 pm

    Relocation may not be a viable option for all. I suppose one could leave behind a spouse and children, rent an apt, and go “home” once a month or less. Your flexible program for medical school requires traveling to Samoa. I bet you have a great answer for that, too.

  20. Broncofan7  •  Sep 27, 2013 @10:29 pm

    Bcmigal. If the spouse and children are dependent upon the pharmacist being employed in order to pay the mortgage, make the car payments and buy food, then the choice is obvious for any rational person. You giving solace to whiners and complainers about “inconvenience” when we were having a discussion about UNEMPLOYMENT isn’t lost on me.

    And if 1 simple 2 month rotation in Samoa to obtain an MD degree is too much when weighed against the benefits that online didactic course taking offers that’s your personal stupidity. You are a particular type that really gets under my skin, whining and complaining and always telling others why things can’t be achieved. Instead of owning your own pharmacy and empowering yourself you choose to quiver in the corners of the World Wide Web bitching about the way YOU Want things to be. Don’t like being a pharmacist and want to remain in healthcare and NIT take a professional step back? Go to med school. Get some skin in the game or go buy a ticket and complain from the cheap seats.

  21. bcmigal  •  Sep 28, 2013 @2:12 pm

    I guess you nailed it

  22. pharmacyslave2000  •  Sep 28, 2013 @8:57 pm

    Not to change the topic completely but…..I recently worked with a newly minted PharmD. First week on the job. The topic of discussion soon turned toward hourly rate and guaranteed hours. $48/hr. at 60hrs./pay. That was the deal. This new pharmacist is also driving a minimum of 45mins. one way per workday. That is a guaranteed salary of roughly $75,000/yr., while spending a good deal of money on travel, and this person is ecstatic that they were able to score that deal. Things are rapidly changing my friends. The days of $10,000/month are quickly coming to an end. Hope you have your finances in order, especially if you’re over 50.

  23. Pharmaciststeve  •  Sep 29, 2013 @9:32 am

    @Bronco … becoming a doc.. may not be a financial panacea

    http://www.medpagetoday.com/Washington-Watch/Reform/41901?xid=nl_mpt_DHE_2013-09-28&utm_content&utm_medium=email&utm_campaign=DailyHeadlines&utm_source=WC&eun=g578717d0r

    ACA Countdown: Expect Low Pay for Docs in Exchange Plans..

    It would appear that our system is drifting to the best care available for the lowest price.. not necessarily the best care available..

    IMO.. that means that secondary tier healthcare professionals ( RPH, PA, ARNP, NP ) will become the primary care provider of choice by our system.. not necessarily by the pt.

    The middlemen (Insurance companies ) are going to make sure that they get theirs.. everyone else will just have to adjust to make ends meet on what is left over.

  24. pharmacyslave2000  •  Sep 30, 2013 @2:49 pm

    Shhhh Pharmaciststeve, no one is supposed to know that.Don’t you know that everyone will receive the absolute best care from Ivy league trained docs under ACA. Any and all maladies will be cured by the best and brightest physicians available. All for a drastically reduced price. It’s a healthcare Utopia!

  25. broncofan7  •  Sep 30, 2013 @7:45 pm

    Steve, you don’t honestly think that Physicians will at any point in our lifetime, on average, make less than the average Pharmacist do you?

    I agree with your assessment that MDs/DOs will become second tier providers due to their cost with PA’s/NP’s and HOPEFULLY Pharmacists being on the front lines and making referrals if necessary.

  26. Pharmaciststeve  •  Sep 30, 2013 @8:35 pm

    @bronco… all I know is that my PCP – who I have known for some 30 yrs and have went to for 15-20 yrs – told me in April that the 6 prescriber practice that he is in.. which has always been on the cutting edge of technology.. that last year. he billed more than any year before and brought home 40 K less… and they were selling out to the local hospital the first of May.. He said, “I will just get a paycheck..” I didn’t tell him that …that paycheck would come with a MBA and a spreadsheet. My annual is scheduled for the end of Oct.. we always end of talking shop … will be interesting how things have worked out.. IMO.. once the hospitals get a critical mass of PCP’s in the communities… the payors… will be less and less generous with allowables.. As ACO evolve.. based out of hospitals.. the hospitals will be bending the docs arms to keep pts out of the hospitals.. With the introduction of DRG’s in the early 80′s .. we got discharges “quicker and sicker”.. we may see more application of the Feds requirement of hospital to treat the uninsured.. get them stable and discharge… will apply to everyone insured under the ACO…

  27. Peon  •  Oct 1, 2013 @12:03 am

    Steve, I understand the advantages of selling to a hospital. But, as you say, these docs are going to learn that they are no longer their own boss. Along comes the MBA masters of the universe and their practice will never be the same again. I blame the government and the insurance companies for the destruction of physician private practices. Who will want to go to medical school for all those years, only to find that they are subject to some ‘bean counter’ that does not know a thing about medicine? Pharmacists have been knowing this for quite some time and it is only a matter of time before the public gets the message that pharmacy is no longer a good profession in which to steer their children toward in college.

  28. Goose  •  Oct 4, 2013 @9:38 am

    I may be throwing some gas on the fire with this comment but I’m going to say it anyway.
    Don’t blame everyone else for our problems, our greed has caused most of what we are talking about here. If we had pushed for more support help rather than more money in the 90′s, working conditions would be better and maybe there would not be all these pharmacy schools opening.
    It is not just pharmacists, a lot of other professions like veterinarians and engineers are suffering from a glut.
    Same thing will happen with Nursing in a few years. There are 3 nursing schools in my town and one is at my hospital. They are all full with a waiting list. Word is starting to get out that jobs are not that plentiful. PAs and NPs will be in demand for awhile but keep in mind they can work independently from an MD but cannot bill or operate on their own. (like a pharmacist can)
    Also, in the past, we have suffered with some bad actors who were not very good pharmacists, were dishonest or had addiction issues. By putting up with these folks, we have also dragged our profession down.
    I know, because I’ve worked with a bunch of both. I have had fellow pharmacists give medical advice to my family members that not only was wrong, it was also dangerous. I have worked with people who were impared while dispensing.
    One thing that really bothers me is all the people going to community college to get a pharmact technician certificate. Worthless except it makes established techs think they need to go get one so they have that “piece of paper”.
    Kind of reminds me of a pharmacy residency………

  29. daniel crain  •  Oct 15, 2013 @5:14 pm

    I just read a new pharmacy school is opening in Tyler, Texas, in addition to the new one that opened in Dallas this year. Every person considering going to pharmacy school should be required to read this article.

    A Looming Joblessness Crisis for New Pharmacy Graduates and the Implications It Holds for the Academy
    http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3687123/

Leave a Reply

Allowed tags: <a href="" title=""> <abbr title=""> <acronym title=""> <b> <blockquote cite=""> <cite> <code> <del datetime=""> <em> <i> <q cite=""> <strike> <strong>